The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) has said that it loses N774 million daily on under-recovery due to the increase in petrol consumption in the country.
The corporation has refused to use the term subsidy in reference to how much it spends in keeping the official price of petrol at N145 at filling stations, although it is sold for much higher in many states across Nigeria. It has however been criticised for expending such amount on subsidising the product without National Assembly legislation.
The NNPC noted that the daily expenditure was triggered by a heightened petrol consumption rate of 50 million litres per day, occasioned by the proliferation of fuel stations in border communities across the country.
Under-recovery refers to the difference between the landing cost of petroleum products and the retail price the commodity is sold at the filling stations to consumers. The NNPC typically recovers this amount from the revenue it should remit to the Federation Account.
A statement by Ndu Ughamadu, NNPC’s spokesperson said the corporation’s GMD, Maikanti Baru, made this known recently.
Mr. Baru said there is proliferation of fuel stations in communities with international land and coastal borders across the country, insisting that the development has energized unprecedented cross-border smuggling of petrol to neighbouring countries.
This, he said, makes it difficult to sanitize the fuel supply and distribution matrix in the country.
Leading a top management team of the corporation on a visit to the Comptroller General of the Nigerian Customs Service, Hameed Ali, Mr. Baru revealed that detailed study conducted by NNPC indicated strong correlation between the presence of the frontier stations and the activities of fuel smuggling syndicates.
He said that the activities of the smugglers had led to recent observed abnormal surge in the evacuation of petrol from less than 35 million litres per day to more than 60 million litres per day which is in sharp contrast with established national consumption pattern.
Providing a detailed presentation of the findings, the NNPC GMD informed that 16 states, having amongst them 61 local government areas with border communities, account for 2,201 registered fuel stations.
The fuel tank, he noted, had a combined capacity of 144,998,700 (one hundred and forty four million, nine hundred and ninety eight thousand and seven hundred) litres of petrol.
In the same vein, eight states with coastal border communities spread across 24 LGAs account for 866 registered fuel outlets with combined petrol tank capacity of 73, 443, 086 (seventy three million, four hundred and forty three thousand and eighty six) litres.
The NNPC boss said a breakdown of the finding shows that among the states with land border, three LGAs in Ogun State account for 633 fuel stations with combined petrol tankage of 40, 485,000 (Forty Million and Four Hundred and Eight Five thousand) litres while nine LGAs in Borno State have 337 fuel outlets with combined petrol storage capacity of 21, 114, 480 (twenty one million, one hundred and fourteen thousand four hundred and eighty) litres.
Lagos with one local government as border community has 235 registered fuel stations with total petrol storage facility of 19,916, 600 (Nineteen Million, Nine Hundred and Sixteen Thousand, Six Hundred) litres, he said.
On the coastal front, Lagos with six local governments leads with 487 registered fuel stations with combined in-built storage capacity of 50, 239,560 (Fifty Million, Two Hundred and Thirty Nine Thousand, Five Hundred and Sixty) litres. Akwa Ibom with five local governments has 134 registered retail outlets with capacity to store 8, 322, 986 (eight million, three hundred and twenty two thousand and nine hundred and eighty six) litres, while Ondo State with two local governments has 110 fuel stations with capacity to store 3,871,320 (three million eight hundred and seventy one thousand, three hundred & twenty) litres.
Mr. Baru explained that because of the obvious differential in petrol price between Nigeria and other neighbouring countries, it had become lucrative for the smugglers to use the frontier stations as a veritable conduit for the smuggling of products across the border, saying this had resulted in a thriving market for Nigerian petrol in all the neighbouring countries of Niger Republic, Benin Republic, Cameroun, Chad and Togo and even Ghana which has no direct borders with Nigeria.
“’NNPC is concerned that continued cross-border smuggling of petrol will deny Nigerians the benefit of the Federal Government’s benevolence of keeping a fix retail price of N145 per litre despite the increase in PMS open market price above N171 per litre,’’ he said.
He noted that based on the heightened petrol consumption rate of 50 million litre per day, the corporation was incurring an under-recovery of N774 million every day.
Mr. Ali on his part said the Customs Service would work with the corporation to stem the tide of cross-border smuggling of petroleum products, noting that all hands must be on deck to ensure the economic survival of the country.
He called on the authorities to tackle the issue of price differentials which is the underlying motivation for smuggling activities across borders.