62% of FG revenue allocated to loans from CBN – World Bank
The World Bank has projected that interest payments on the Federal Government’s borrowing from the Central Bank of Nigeria will take up about 62 per cent of its revenue by 2027 despite the restructuring plan.
The Washington-based bank revealed this in its December 2022 edition of the Nigeria Development Update, noting “Despite the restructuring of the Ways and Means stock in 2023, interest payments are projected to steadily increase by 2.4 percentage points of the GDP between 2018 and 2027, and by 2027 interest payments will account for over 62 per cent of revenues”.
The Federal Government has borrowed N6.31tn from the CBN through the Ways and Means advances in 10 months and this has pushed the government’s borrowing from the CBN from N17.46tn in December 2021 to N23.77tn in October 2022.
According to the debt Management Office, “the N23.77tn owed the apex bank by the Federal Government is not part of the country’s total public debt stock, which stood at N44.06tn in the third quarter of 2022”.
“The public debt stock only includes the debts of the Federal Government of Nigeria, the 36 state governments and the Federal Capital Territory.”
Ways and Means Advances are loan facilities through which the CBN finances the shortfalls in the government’s budget.
In November 2021, the World Bank had warned the Nigerian government against financing deficits by borrowing from the CBN through the Ways and Means Advances, saying “this put fiscal pressures on the country’s expenditures”.
Despite warnings from experts and organisations, the Federal Government has kept borrowing from the CBN to fund budget deficits.
The Federal Government paid an interest of N2.03tn from January 2020 to November 2021 on the loans it got from the CBN through the Ways and Means Advances.
The government was also said to have paid an interest of N405.93bn from January 2022 to April 2022 on the loans it got from the CBN.
The Managing Director/Chief Executive Officer of Cowry Asset Management Limited, Johnson Chukwu, recently said the central bank’s lending to the government was putting pressure on the exchange rate and the inflation rate, with “liquidity that has no productivity attached to it coming into the system.”
Last week, President Muhammadu Buhari transmitted to the National Assembly a request for approval of Ways and Means Advances restructuring to the tune of N23.7tn.